Know Everything About Great Dane Dog breed

Know Everything About Great Dane Dog breed


The Great Dane, otherwise called the German Mastiff is a breed of canine from Germany. The Great Dane descends from hunting dogs known from time and is one of the largest breeds in the world.

Life expectancy: 8 – 10 years
Origin: Germany
Common nicknames: Apollo of dogs
Height: Female: 71–81 cm, Male: 76–86 cm
Weight: Female: 45–59 kg, Male: 54–90 kg
Colors: Black, Brindle, Fawn, Mantle, Blue, Harlequin
Temperament: Friendly, Devoted, Reserved, Confident, Gentle, Loving.

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Around 16th century, the nobility in many countries of Europe imported strong, long legged dogs from England, which were descended from crossbreeds between English Mastiffs and Irish Wolfhounds. They were dog hybrids in different sizes and phenotypes with no formal breed. These dogs were called Englische Docke or Englische Tocke and later written and spelled: Dogge or Englischer Hund in Germany. The name simply meant “English dog”. Since then, the English word “dog” has come to be associated with a molossoid dog in Germany and France These dogs were bred in the courts of German nobility, independent of the English methods, since the start of the 17th century.

The dogs were used for hunting bear, boar, and deer at princely courts, with the favorites staying at night in the bedchambers of their lords. These Kammerhunde (chamber dogs) were outfitted with ornate collars, and helped protect the sleeping princes from assassins.

While hunting boar or bears, the Englische Dogge was a catch dog used after the other hunting dogs to seize the bear or boar and hold it in place until the huntsman was able to kill it. When the hunting customs changed, particularly because of the use of firearms, many of the involved dog types disappeared. The Englische Dogge became rare, and was kept only as a dog of hobby or luxury.

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Name Change

In 1878, a committee was formed in Berlin which changed the name of the from”Englische Dogge” (English mastiff derivatives) to “Deutsche Dogge” (German mastiff), this being the Great Dane. This laid the foundations from which the breed was developed. During the 19th century, the dog was known as a “German boarhound” in English-speaking countries. Some German breeders tried to introduce the names “German Dogge” and “German Mastiff” on the English market, because they believed the breed should be marketed as a dog of luxury and not as a working dog. However, due to the increasing tensions between Germany and other countries, the dog later became referred to as a “Great Dane”.

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Great Dane Dog Description

The Great Dane is a huge German domestic dog known for it’s large size. As described by the American Kennel Club: The Great Dane combines, in its regal appearance, strength, and elegance with great size and a powerful, well formed, smoothly muscled body. It is one of the giant working breeds, but is unique in that its general conformation must be so well balanced that it never appears clumsy, and shall move with a long reach and powerful drive. The Great Dane is a shorthaired breed with a strong, galloping figure.

In the ratio between length and height, the Great Dane should be square. The male dog should not be less than 30 in (76 cm) at the shoulders, a female 28 in (71 cm). Danes under minimum height are undefined. From year to year, the tallest living dog is typically a Great Dane. Previous record holders include Titan, Gibson, and George; however, the current record holder is a black Great Dane named Zeus that stood 111.8 cm (44.0 in) at the shoulder before his death in September 2014. He was also the tallest dog on record (according to Guinness World Records), beating the previous holder, the aforementioned George that stood 109.2 cm (43.0 in) at the shoulder.

The smallest weight for a Great Dane over 18 months is 120 lb (54 kg) for males, 100 lb (45 kg) for females. Unusually, the American Kennel Club dropped the minimum weight requirement from its standard. The male should appear more massive throughout than the female, with a larger frame and heavier bone.

Great Danes have naturally floppy, triangular ears. In the past, when Great Danes were commonly used to hunt boars, cropping of the ears was performed to make injuries to the dogs ears less likely during hunts. Now that Danes are primarily companion animals, cropping is sometimes still done for traditional and cosmetic reasons. In the 1930s when Great Danes had their ears cropped, after the surgery, two devices called Easter bonnets were fitted to their ears to make them stand up. Today, the practice is common in the United States, but much less common in Europe. In some European countries such as the United Kingdom, Ireland, Denmark, and Germany, and parts of Australia and New Zealand, the practice is banned or controlled to only be performed by veterinary surgeons.

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Great Dane Coats or Colors

According to the breed-standard, Great Danes have five to six (depending on the standard) show acceptable coat colors:

Fawn and brindle
Fawn: The color is yellow gold with a black mask. Black should appear on the eye rims and eyebrows and may appear on the ears.
Brindle: The color is fawn and black in a chevron striped pattern. Often, they are also referred to as having a striped pattern.

Black, harlequin and mantle
Black: The color is a glossy black. White markings on the chest and toes are not desirable and considered faults.
Harlequin: The base color is pure white with black torn patches irregularly and well distributed over the entire body; a pure white neck is preferred. The black patches should never be large enough to give the appearance of a blanket, nor so small as to give a stippled or dappled effect. Eligible, but less desirable, are a few small grey patches (this grey is consistent with a merle marking) or a white base with single black hairs showing through, which tend to give a salt and pepper or dirty effect.

Grey Merle also called Grautiger dogs are acceptable in conformation shows under the FCI as the grey merle dogs can produce correctly marked black/white harlequin dogs, depending on the combinations. The aim for deleting the color grey merle as a disqualifying fault is to provide a wider gene pool. Their status is that they are neither desirable nor to be disqualified. Consequently, this colour must never obtain the highest grading at dog shows.

Mantle (in some countries referred to as Boston due to the similar coloration and pattern as a Boston Terrier): The color is black and white with a solid black blanket extending over the body; black skull with white muzzle; white blaze is optional; whole white collar preferred; a white chest; white on part or whole of forelegs and hind legs; white tipped black tail. A small white marking in the black blanket is acceptable, as is a break in the white collar.

Blue: The color is a pure steel blue. White markings at the chest and feet permitted. Never with a fawn nuance or blackish-blue color.

Other colors occur occasionally, but are not acceptable for conformation showing and they are not pursued by breeders who intend to breed show dogs. These colors include: white, chocolate, smoky fawn or buckskin, blue fawn, blue brindle, blue harlequin or porcelain, mantled fawn, mantled brindle, mantled blue, onyx or reverse brindle, various merles (fawn merle, brindle merle, blue merle, mantled merle, chocolate merle, silver or platinum merle and tri-colored merle), piebald, fawnequin, brindlequin and merlequin. The white Great Dane coloring is typically associated with vision and hearing impairment.

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Great Dane Dog Temperament

The Great Dane Dog’s large and imposing appearance belies its friendly nature. They are known for seeking physical affection with their owners, and the breed is often referred to as a Gentle Giant.

Great Danes are generally well disposed toward other dogs, other noncanine pets, and familiar humans. They generally do not exhibit extreme aggressiveness or a high prey drive. The Great Dane is a very gentle and loving animal and with the proper care and training is great around children, especially when being raised with them. However, if not properly socialized, a Great Dane may become fearful or aggressive towards new stimuli, such as strangers and new environments.

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Great Dane Dog Health

Great Danes like most giant dogs, have a faster metabolism. This results in more energy and food consumption per pound of dog than in small breeds. They have some health problems that are common to large breeds, including bloat (gastric dilatation volvulus).

Nutrition places a role in this breed’s health. Bloat, or gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV), is the greatest killer of Great Danes. To avoid bloat, a rest period of 40 minutes to one hour after meals is recommended before exercise. Their average lifespan is 8 to 10 years; however, some Great Danes have been known to reach 12 years of age or more. Like many larger breeds, Great Danes are at particular risk for hip dysplasia.

Dilated cardiomyopathy and many congenital heart diseases are also commonly found in the Great Dane, leading to its nickname: the heartbreak breed, in conjunction with its shorter lifespan. Great Danes also may carry the merle gene, which is part of the genetic makeup that creates the harlequin coloring. The merle gene is an incomplete dominant, meaning only one copy of the gene is needed to show the merle coloring; two merle genes produce excessive white markings and many health issues such as deafness, blindness, or other debilitating ocular issues. Great Danes can also develop wobbler disease, a condition affecting the vertebral column. Since these dogs do grow at a rapid rate, the bones in their vertebrae can push up against the spinal cord and cause weakness in the legs. This can be treated with surgery or may heal itself over time. Are you looking to buy a healthy and well balanced Great Dane Puppy at affordable price? Then simply visit Great Dane Puppies and Dogs – Healthy Great Dane puppies available (


Are Great Dane dangerous?

While Great Danes are not known to be especially violent, any breed can display aggressive tendencies. When Great Danes attack, they are more dangerous than many other dogs due to their size and raw power. These factors can make a Great Dane attack deadly. Read More…

Are Great Danes good pets?

Great Danes certainly hold stature in the dog world; but though they look terribly imposing, in reality they’re one of the best natured dogs around you will find. For all of their size, Great Danes are sweet, affectionate pets. They love to play and are gentle with children. Read More…

How much is a Great Dane puppy?

If you purchase a Dane from a breeder, expect to pay between $1800 and $3000 depending on whether a companion or show dog. Read More…

Do Great Danes bark a lot?

While most Great Danes aren’t nuisance barkers, if allowed to develop barking as a habit, they will have what is probably the loudest, deepest, most far carrying bark of any dog breed. The short coat is easy to care for, although the Dane does shed and it can seem like a lot of hair since he’s a lot of dog. Read More…

What color Great Dane is most expensive?

At the moment the harlequin coat is the most popular color, so they are the most expensive. Also it’s worth mentioning that white Great Danes are more susceptible to genetic defects and are likely to cost less than the other puppies in a litter. Read More…

Are Great Danes high maintenance?

Despite their towering size, Great Danes are comparatively low maintenance canine. Even though Great Danes are large in size, they require a small amount of maintenance. Generally speaking, Great Danes are a healthy breed. They are susceptible to illness and disease like all other dogs, but usually live healthy lives. Read More…

Are Great Danes hard to potty train?

Though this may be true, great Danes are also very intelligent and easy to train. In fact, potty-training a great Dane is a very manageable task as long as you go about it correctly. Read More…

Do Great Danes attack their owners?

They have one of the highest registered ownerships of any breed of dog and are usually great around children. However, they are known to be extremely loyal and attack. They do whatever it takes to protect their territory and their owners biting other humans is common. Read More…

Do Great Danes like to cuddle?

It may seem counterintuitive, but Great Danes love to cuddle, Originally known as the gentle giant, they adore snuggling up to the people that they love and don’t handle being alone very well. Read More…

Is a Great Dane hypoallergenic?

No, Unfortunately, Great Danes are not a hypoallergenic dog breed. While they are not hypoallergenic, their short-haired coat tends to cause fewer allergic reactions than longer-haired breeds such as Golden Retrievers or German Shepherds. Funny enough – there is no dog that is truly 100% hypoallergenic. Read More…

Are Great Danes good guard dogs?

With incredible power and strength a Great Dane is more than capable of taking down any intruder at will. Certainly Great Danes can be trained as guard dogs or personal protection dogs, but by nature, they thrive and excel as watchdogs, holding calmly and silently their power and force. Read More…

Are Great Danes hard to house train?

Compared to other breeds Great Danes are relatively easy to potty train. By comparison, it doesn’t take a whole lot of fluids to fill up the bladder of a small or miniature dog breed. They simply need to relieve themselves more frequently and increases the likelihood of accidents around the house. Read More…

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